Colored Reading: an Appeal for Using Synesthetic Association Training to Improve Reading Fluency in Children with Dyslexia
Dyslexia is defined as a variable and often familial learning disability involving difficulties in acquiring and processing language that is typically manifested by a lack of proficiency in reading, spelling, and writing. Dyslexia is characterized by the inability to integrate information across multiple areas of the brain. The consequent failure to develop representations of the knowledge on a topic based on its associated attributes results in difficulty in reading. In contrast, synesthesia may be seen as a hyper-associative condition, possibly due to a failure to properly segregate areas into distinct networks. Synesthesia could therefore be regarded as a disorder opposite of dyslexia on a spectrum of a developmental disorder of association. It has been shown that, in some individuals and to a certain extent, synesthesia can be trained. This training could be beneficial for dyslectics. In this study I provide an overview on the neurodevelopmental aspects of dyslexia, synesthesia and the overlap between these conditions. I review the evidence on synesthetic training in non-dyslexics and hypothesize on the potential benefits of this training in dyslexics. Furthermore, the methods of a study to explore these benefits are proposed.
Rick Henneveld, "Colored Reading: an Appeal for Using Synesthetic Association Training to Improve Reading Fluency in Children with Dyslexia", Master's Thesis for the Media Technology programme, Leiden University (The Netherlands), 2017